Speech & Hearing Clinic

Speech & Language

Who are speech-language pathologists? What do they do?

“Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.”

Additionally, SLPs “provide aural rehabilitation for individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing,” “provide augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems for individuals with severe expressive and/or language comprehension disorders,” and “work with people who don't have speech, language, or swallowing disorders, but want to learn how to communicate more effectively (e.g., work on accent modification or other forms of communication enhancement).”


What is a speech disorder?

“Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently (e.g., stuttering is a form of disfluency) or has problems with his or her voice or resonance.”


What is a language disorder?

“Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings (expressive language). Language disorders may be spoken or written and may involve the form (phonology, morphology, syntax), content (semantics), and/or use (pragmatics) of language in functional and socially appropriate ways.”


What is a social communication disorder?

“Social communication disorders occur when a person has trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. These disorders may include problems (a) communicating for social purposes (e.g., greeting, commenting, asking questions), (b) talking in different ways to suit the listener and setting, and (c) following rules for conversation and story-telling. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder may have social communication problems. Social communication disorders are also found individuals with other conditions, such as traumatic brain injury.”


What is a cognitive-communication disorder?

“Cognitive-communication disorders include problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning, and/or problem-solving. These disorders usually happen as a result of a stroke, traumatic
brain injury, or dementia, although they can be congenital.”


What is a swallowing disorder?

“Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties, which may follow an illness, surgery, stroke, or injury.”
 

For more information about speech, language, and swallowing disorders, please visit: https://www.asha.org/public/speech/

References:
“Speech-Language Pathologists.” American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. https://www.asha.org/Students/Speech-Language-Pathologists/


Services Provided:
  • Comprehensive speech-language evaluations
  • Individual therapy services for children and adults
    • Articulation disorders
    • Cognitive-communication disorders
    • Expressive/receptive language disorders
    • Phonological disorders
    • Social communication disorders
  • Aphasia group therapy
  • Alternative and augmentative communication (AAC)
  • Support groups for parents of children with autism
  • Support groups for families/individuals impacted by communication disorders